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Anthropocentrism and Its Subversion: An Ecocritical Analysis of Milton Hatoum’s Translated Novel The Brothers

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18304/1984-6614/scripta.alumni.n8p33-44

http://www.uniandrade.br/revista-scripta-alumni.php 

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Davi S. Gonçalves1

  

Resumo: Este artigo objetiva questionar o conceito de desenvolvimento através de uma análise ecocrítica do impacto que o expansionismo ocidental causou na região amazônica, rompendo fronteiras comerciais, mas criando fronteiras humanas. O livro de viagens A journey in Brazil (Ticknor and Fields, 1868) e o romance The Brothers (Bloomsbury, 2002) são investigados e comparados com o intuito de contrastar a postura pastoralista de Agassiz com o anti-pastoralismo que permeia a obra de Hatoum – na qual o hibridismo amazônico desafia a unilateralidade da cronologia Imperialista neoliberal. Dessa forma, propõe-se uma apreciação mais cuidadosa acerca de noções relativas como ―progresso‖ e ―desenvolvimento‖, que parecem influenciar positivamente a vida de poucos, enquanto devastam a da grande maioria.

Palavras-chave: Amazônia. Fronteira. Imperialismo. Identidade. Ecocrítica.

 

Abstract: The purpose of this article is to question the concept of development through an ecocritical analysis of the impact that Western expansionism has caused in the Amazon, where commercial frontiers are destroyed whilst human ones are created. The travel book A Journey in Brazil (Ticknor and Fields, 1868) and the novel The Brothers (Bloomsbury, 2002) are investigated and compared aiming at confronting Agassiz‘s pastoralist positioning with the anti-pastoralism that permeates Hatoum‘s diegesis – in which the Amazonian hybridism challenge the unilateralism of neoliberal Imperialist chronology. Therefore, a more careful examination regarding relative notions such as ―progress‖ and ―development‖, which seem to influence positively the lives of some, while they obliterate those of the vast majority.

Key words: Amazon. Frontier. Imperialism. Identity. Ecocriticism.

 

1 Mestrando do Curso de Letras da Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina. E-mail: goncalves.davi@hotmail.com

 

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