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Câmbio e OMC: Pode a Taxa de Câmbio ser Subsídio à Exportação?

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18836/2178-0587/ealr.v5n1p22-45

http://portalrevistas.ucb.br/index.php/EALR/index 

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Rafael Y. Nishita1

 

Resumo: Desde a implementação de sistemas de câmbio flutuante no início da década de 1970, avulta-se cada vez mais a importância de uma compreensão do fenômeno cambial bem como de seus influxos nas mais diversas esferas econômicas, com especial atenção à seara comercial global. O presente artigo examinar os impactos das taxas de câmbio sobre o fluxo mercante internacional bem como avaliar a possibilidade e oportunidade de uma demanda de consultação fundada em tais impactos junto ao órgão de solução de controvérsias da OMC. O presente artigo revê a bibliografia sobre o tema tomando como referência os documentos e casos da OMC, do FMI e da OCDE.

Palavras-chave: Taxas de Câmbio; Subsídio; OSC; OMC.

 

Abstract: Since the exchange-rates were left to float in the early 1970s, it became increasingly important to understand the relationship between currency flotation and inflows in variable economic spheres, especially in global commerce. This paper addresses the impact of exchange rates flotation on the international merchant flow and the feasibility and advisability of a claim based on such impacts before WTO’s dispute settlement body. This literature review encompasses documents and cases studies from WTO, IMF and the OECD.

Key words: Exchange Rate; Subsidy; DSB; WTO.

 

1 Universidade Estadual de Maringá. E-mail: rafaelyvnishita@gmail.com.

 

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