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Estudo da Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico na Avaliação Morfológica de Raízes e Canais dos Molares e Pré-Molares da População Brasileira

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15603/2176-1000/odonto.v22n43-44p63-69

https://www.metodista.br/revistas/revistas-ims/index.php/O1/index 

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Bruno V. Caputo1, Gilberto A. Noro Filho2, Daniela M. R. de A. Salgado3, Jéssica R. M. Zambrana4, Élcio M. Giovani5 & Claudio Costa6

 

Resumo: O sucesso no tratamento endodôntico pode ser influenciado pela falta de conhecimento anatômico do sistema de canais radiculares. Esse conhecimento da morfologia ainda é mais complicado em dentes posteriores devido a sua complexa variação anatômica. Devido as dificuldades apresentadas nas avaliações do número de raízes e canais por métodos radiográficos convencionais, a Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico (TCFC) se mostra de grande importância na avaliação morfológica de canais radiculares, assim como em estudos de acordo com etnias diferentes. O objetivo deste trabalho foi fazer uma revisão de literatura a respeito do uso da TCFC na avaliação de raízes e canais dos molares e pré-molares. A revisão foi realizada descrevendo a importância do uso da TCFC e relatando trabalhos a respeito do conhecimento de morfologia de canais. Conclui-se que a Tomografia Computadorizada de feixe cônico é uma importante ferramenta na avaliação de raízes e canais; e que a população brasileira difere de outras populações do mundo em relação a morfologia de canais radiculares.

Palavras-chave: Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico; Canal radicular; Morfologia.

 

Abstract: Success in endodontic treatment can be influenced by the lack of anatomical knowledge of the root canal system. This knowledge of the morphology is further complicated in posterior teeth because of its complex anatomical variation. Because the difficulties presented in the evaluations of the root canals by conventional radiographic methods, Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) shown of great importance in the morphology of root canals. The objective was to make a review of literature regarding the use of CBCT in the evaluation of roots and canals of molars and premolars. The review was carried out describing the importance of using CBCT and reporting studies about the knowledge of root canals morphology. We conclude that cone beam computed tomography is an important tool in the evaluation of roots and canals; and that the Brazilian population differs from other world populations compared the morphology of root canals.

Key words: Cone-beam computed tomography. Root canals. Morphology.

 

1 Doutor em Diagnóstico Bucal - Faculdade de Odontologia da Universidade de São Paulo – USP. Professor Adjunto da disciplina Odonto Diagnóstico - Faculdade de Odontologia da Universidade Paulista – UNIP.
2 Doutorando em Diagnóstico Bucal - Faculdade de Odontologia da Universidade de São Paulo – USP. Professor Adjunto da disciplina Odonto Diagnóstico - Faculdade de Odontologia da Universidade Paulista – UNIP.
3 Doutoranda em Diagnóstico Bucal - Faculdade de Odontologia da Universidade de São Paulo – USP.
4 Mestranda em Diagnóstico Bucal - Faculdade de Odontologia da Universidade de São Paulo – USP.
5 Mestre e Doutor - Faculdade de Odontologia da Universidade de São Paulo – USP. Professor Titular da disciplina de Clínica Integrada e Coordenador do Centro de Estudos e Atendimento a Pacientes Especiais (CEAPE) - Faculdade de Odontologia da Universidade Paulista - UNIP
6 Mestre, Doutor e Professor Associado (Livre-Docente) da disciplina de Radiologia - Faculdade de Odontologia da Universidade de São Paulo – USP.

 

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