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Water Reuse and Its Importance for Firefighting Training of Offshore Workers

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.19180/2177-4560.v8n214-04

http://www.essentiaeditora.iff.edu.br/index.php/boletim 

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Severino J. Correia Neto1, Fernando B. Mainier2 & Marcos A. C. Moreira3

 

Resumo: O consumo de água doce no mundo tem crescido vertiginosamente em função do aumento da população nas áreas urbanas, da irrigação no agronegócio e do uso de água nos processamentos industriais, gerando, consequentemente, efluentes sanitários e industriais. Isso remete à necessidade precípua de poupar, reduzir, reciclar e desenvolver processos de reúso que não venham na contramão da sociedade, ou seja, estejam baseados nos princípios da precaução, considerando a possibilidade de ocorrências de contaminações de ordem química e microbiológica presentes nos efluentes. O presente trabalho avaliou numa visão crítica os processos de reúso de uma maneira geral e, mais precisamente, em Centros de Treinamento de Combate a Incêndio onde o treinamento consome considerado volume de água como agente extintor. As tecnologias simples e criativas desenvolvidas comprovam o sucesso do reúso da água no combate ao desperdício.

Palavras-chave: Reúso. Contaminações. Princípio da precaução. Treinamento. Incêndio.

 

Abstract: Consumption of freshwater has grown dramatically worldwide due to the increase of population in urban areas, irrigation of agri-business and the use of water in industrial processes, resulting in sanitary and industrial effluents. This brings urgent need to save, reduce, recycle, reuse, as well as develop processes that do not go against society, or are based on precautionary principles, considering the possibility of contamination of a chemical and microbiological elements present in effluents. This study evaluated a critical process for reuse in general and, more specifically, in Fire Fighting Training Centers, where training consumes considered volume of water as the main extinguishing agent. The simple and creative technologies developed for the study prove the success of water reuse to fight waste.

Key words: Reuse. Contamination. Precautionary principle. Fire fighting.

 

1 Master of Science in Management Information Systems from Universidade Federal Fluminense (UFF). Professor at the Federal Institute of Education Science and Technology Fluminense (IFFluminense) campus Macaé, Campos dos Goytacazes/RJ - Brazil. E- mail: scorreia@iff.edu.br
2 Doctor of Education from the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ). Professor at the Fluminense Federal University (UFF) - Niterói/RJ - Brazil E-mail: mainier@vm.uff.br
3 Doctor of Electrical Engineering from the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ). Professor at the Federal Institute of Education, Science and Technology Fluminense ( IFFluminense), campus Macaé - Macaé / RJ - Brazil. E- mail: macruz@iff.edu.br

 

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