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Escore de Lesões e Transtornos de Locomoção de Vacas Holandesas em Instalações Free-Stall com Diferentes Tipos de Cama

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14269/2318-1265/jabb.v4n1p1-5

http://www.jabbnet.com/ 

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Daiane Cecchin1*, Alessandro T. Campos1, Maria de F. Á. Pires2, Francine A. Sousa1, Pedro I. S. Amaral1, Tadayuki Yanagi Junior1, Suane A. Ferreira3, Myriam C. M. Souza3 & Diego Cecchin4

 

Resumo: Objetivou-se avaliar lesões de jarrete e joelho e transtornos de locomoção em 36 vacas Holandesas multíparas confinadas em sistema modelo free-stall com dois tipos de camas, na Embrapa Gado de Leite do município de Coronel Pacheco/MG. Empregaram-se camas de borracha composta e camas de areia. As lesões de jarrete e joelho e transtornos de locomoção foram avaliados em escores de gravidade. Observou-se que não houve diferença entre os escores observados no início e ao final do período experimental para as lesões de joelho em ambos os materiais de cama, o mesmo foi observado para lesões de jarrete, em animais alojados sobre cama de areia. As lesões se mantiveram com os mesmos escores durante o período estudado, demonstrando assim que as duas camas oferecem a mesma condição de conforto em relação a lesões e saúde do casco, pelo menos, em curto prazo de tempo.

Palavras-chave: bem-estar, confinamento, construções rurais, jarrete

 

Abstract: The aim of the present study was to evaluate hock and knee injuries and locomotor disorders in 36 multiparous Holstein cows confined in a free-stall model system with two types of beds at Embrapa Dairy Cattle in the city of Coronel Pacheco / MG. Rubber composite beds and sand beds were compared and the hock and knee injuries and locomotor disorders were assessed for severity scores. There was no difference between the scores or hock lesions observed at the beginning and end of the trial period for knee injuries in both beds. The two beds offer the same conditions of comfort, injury rates, and hull health, at least in the short term.

Key words: welfare, confinement, rural buildings, hock

 

1 Universidade Federal de Lavras (UFLA), Lavras, MG, Brasil.
2 Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária, Embrapa Gado de leite.
3 Universidade Presidente Antônio Carlos (UNIPAC), Juiz de Fora, MG, Brasil.
4 Universidade de Passo Fundo (UPF), Passo Fundo, RS, Brasil.
* Autor pra Correspondência. Email: daianececchin@yahoo.com.br

 

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