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Saul, Benjamin e o Surgimento do “Israel Bíblico”: Uma Visão Alternativa

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15603/2176-3828/caminhando.v20n2p23-44



Israel Finkelstein1


Resumo: O artigo discute a recente proposta de Na’aman no periódico ZAW de que a terra de Benjamin era parte de Judah durante a monarquia e tempos antigos. Concordo com Na’aman de que nos tempos da monarquia tardia a terra de Benjamin realmente pertenceu a Judah. Mas contesto, dizendo que nos séculos anteriores a região teria sido dominada por uma unidade política norte israelita. Sugiro que este território trocou a pertença ao menos uma vez — de norte ao sul — na segunda metade do século 9º AEC. Contra o pano de fundo do artigo também discuto a hipótese de Na’aman concernente ao surgimento do “Israel bíblico”.

Palavras-chave: Saul; Benjamin; Israel Norte; Judah; arqueologia.


Abstract: The article discusses Na’aman’s recent proposal in ZAW journal that the land of Benjamin was part of Judah throughout monarchic and earlier times. I agree with Na’aman that in late monarchic times the land of Benjamin indeed belonged to Judah. But I contend that in previous centuries the region was dominated by the north Israelite polity. I suggest that this territory changed hands at least once – from north to south – in the second half of the 9th century BCE. Against this background the article also discusses Na’aman’s hypothesis regarding the emergence of “biblical Israel”.

Key words: Saul; Benjamin; Northern Israel; Judah; archaeology.


1 Tel Aviv University. Artigo originalmente publicado como: FINKELSTEIN, Israel. “Saul, Benjamin and the emergence of ‘Biblical Israel’: an alternative view”. Zeitschrift für die alttestamentliche Wissenschaft, vol. 123, p. 348-367, 2011. Tradução do artigo por Silas Klein Cardoso, Mestre e Doutorando em Ciências da Religião pela Universidade Metodista de São Paulo (Umesp). Bolsista CAPES. E-mail: silasklein@gmail.com. Revisão da tradução de João Batista Ribeiro Santos.


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