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O Congestionamento Aéreo: Uma Visão Geral

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.19180/1809-2667.v17n315-04

http://essentiaeditora.iff.edu.br/index.php/vertices 

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Daniel A. Pamplona1 & Alessandro V. M. de Oliveira2

 

Resumo: O presente artigo consiste de uma revisão bibliográfica do congestionamento aéreo e seus custos. O congestionamento é um problema que existe na maioria dos aeroportos do mundo. Sua existência traz custos para as empresas aéreas e desconforto para os passageiros. Com o crescente aumento da demanda pelo modal aéreo, o estudo do congestionamento tem merecido a atenção de vários pesquisadores em todo o mundo. Erroneamente atribui-se a causa dos atrasos unicamente à falta de investimentos em infraestrutura. A revisão de literatura mostra que outros fatores como aumento da população, melhoria do nível de vida, falta de planejamento operacional e questões ambientais também exercem poder de influência. Vários estudos têm sido realizados com o objetivo de analisar e propor soluções para um problema que afeta a sociedade como um todo.

Palavras-chave: Atraso. Demanda. Congestionamento Aéreo. Custos.

 

Abstract: This article is a literature review of the air congestion delay and its costs. Air congestion is a worldwide problem. Its existence brings costs for airlines and discomfort for passengers. With the increasing demand for air transport, the study of air congestion has attracted the attention of many researchers around the world. The cause for the delays is erroneously attributed only to the lack of infrastructure investments. The literature review shows that other factors such as population growth, increasing standards of living, lack of operational planning and environmental issues exercise decisive influence. Several studies have been conducted in order to analyze and propose solutions to this problem that affects society as a whole.

Key words: Delay. Demand. Air Congestion. Costs.

 

1 Mestre em Engenharia de Infraestrutura Aeronáutica pelo Instituto Tecnológico de Aeronáutica (ITA). Chefe de Análise Operacional do Comando-Geral de Operações Aéreas da Força Aérea Brasileira, São José dos Campos/SP – Brasil. E-mail: pamplonadefesa@gmail.com.
2 PhD em Economia pela University of Warwick na Inglaterra. Professor Adjunto do Instituto Tecnológico de Aeronáutica ( ITA), São José dos Campos/ SP – Brasil. E-mail: a.v.m.oliveira@gmail.com.

 

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