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Clausewitz, Corbett e o Desafio das Guerras Limitadas

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21544/1809-3191/regn.v21n2p117-146

https://www.egn.mar.mil.br/arquivos/revistaEgn/index.html 

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Érico E. Duarte1

 

Resumo: As guerras limitadas passam a ter cada vez mais relevância no debate estratégico contemporâneo em razão dos maus resultados das últimas décadas por parte dos países ocidentais, o que gera prognósticos negativos quanto a sua performance futura. Este artigo argumenta que o diagnóstico do estudo e prática de guerras limitadas produziu requisitos metodológicos e questionamentos operacionais que são atendidos pelas teorias de guerras limitadas elaboradas por Carl von Clausewitz e Julian Corbett. O artigo demonstra como elas atendem aos requisitos e questionamentos contemporâneos ao sintetizar seus conceitos e testes em dois estudos de casos. Por fim, o artigo recomenda uma agenda de pesquisa.

Palavras-chave: Guerras Limitadas; Teorias da Guerra; Carl von Clausewitz, Julian Corbett; Operações Conjuntas

 

Abstract: Limited wars hold an increasing relevance on the contemporary strategic debate due to the low results by Western countries in the last decades. That leads to negative prognostics of future performances. This paper argues that the contemporary diagnosis of the study and practice of limited wars outlined methodological requirements and operational questions, which are addressed by the theories designed by Carl von Clausewitz and Julian Corbett. It contributes with a synthesis of both theories and two of theirs empirical corroborations that answers to those contemporary demands. As closing remarks, the paper proposes a progressive research agenda.

Key words: Limited Wars; Theories of War; Carl von Clausewitz; Julian Corbett; Joint Operations

 

1 Professor do Programa de Pós-Graduação em Estudos Estratégicos Internacionais da UFRGS (PPGEEI/UFRGS), Porto Alegre-RS, Brasil: ericoduarte@gmail.com. O autor agradece a CAPES (Bolsa de estágio doutoral no exterior e Projeto Pró-Defesa) e ao CNPq (Edital Universal), cujos apoios permitiram a realização deste trabalho.

 

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