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Materialidade do Culto Israelita Pré-Exílico: Análise Exegética, Arqueológica e Iconográfica de Alguns Objetos de Culto

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18328/2179-0019/plura.v7n2p138-173

http://www.abhr.org.br/plura/ojs/index.php/plura/index 

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Silas K. Cardoso1

 

Resumo: O artigo evidencia a presença material icônica e anicônica no culto do Israel Antigo, geralmente tomado, pelo advento do “objeto-livro”, como uma religião de conceitos e abstrações. É feita uma análise exegética, iconográfica e arqueológica dos vestígios da antiga religião do Israel bíblico, especialmente os itens: pedras de culto ou maṣṣebot; lugares altos ou bamot; ʾăšērah; e Arca da Aliança. Com isso pretendemos responder qual era a percepção material do culto no período pré-exílico.

Palavras-chaves: Antigo Israel. Materialidade. Arqueologia. Iconografia. Exegese.

 

Abstract: The article highlights the presence of iconic and aniconic material worship in the Old Israel, usually taken as a religion of concepts and ideas by the advent of the “object-book”. Thus, an exegetical, iconographic and archaeological analysis of the remains of the ancient religion of biblical Israel is carried out, especially regarding these items: worship stones or maṣṣebot; high places or bamoth; ʾăšērah; and Ark of the Covenant. We intend to comprehend what the perception of materiality in the pre-exilic worship was.

Key-words: Ancient Israel. Materiality. Archeology. Iconography. Exegesis.

 

1 Doutorando em Ciências da Religião (UMESP), bolsista Capes. Email: silasklein@gmail.com

 

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