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Tratamento de fobia específica por dessensibilização e reprocessamento por meio dos movimentos oculares

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15348/1980-6906/psicologia.v16n1p31-42

http://editorarevistas.mackenzie.br/index.php/ptp/index 

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Catarina de Castro Lopes1, Sónia Cortinhas Carvalho & Maria Raquel Barbosa

 

Resumo: A fobia específica é caracterizada pela presença de um medo persistente e recorrente que é excessivo e irracional a um objeto ou situação específica que desencadeia uma forte reação de ansiedade. Diversos estudos têm sido realizados com intuito de avaliar a eficácia da dessensibilização e reprocessamento através dos movimentos oculares (EMDR), e tem sido comprovado que é um método bem-sucedido para tratamento de fobia específica, ansiedade, depressão, traumas e queixas somáticas. O caso do presente artigo descreve o trabalho terapêutico realizado com uma mulher de 42 anos com fobia a próteses dentárias através da intervenção EMDR. No final da intervenção, a paciente perdeu o medo às próteses, já não revelando respostas de ansiedade e de desconforto, mantendo-se estável durante o período de follow-up, um mês após a intervenção. Esses resultados repercutiram-se na melhoria da sua qualidade de vida, ao nível da sua vida pessoal, social e profissional.

Palavras-chave: fobia específica; estudo de caso; trauma; ansiedade; movimentos oculares

 

Abstract: The specific phobia is characterized by a persistent and recurring fear that is excessive and irrational to a specific object or situation, triggering a strong anxiety reaction. Several studies have been conducted in order to assess the effectiveness of eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) and it has been proven to be a successful method for the treatment of specific phobias, anxiety, depression, trauma and somatic complaints. The case of this article describes the therapeutic work done with a forty-two years old’ woman that has phobia to dentures using the intervention of EMDR. At the end of the intervention, the patient lost the fear of prosthetics, no longer revealing responses of anxiety and discomfort and remained stable during the follow-up one month after the intervention. These results had an impact on improving their quality of life, in terms of her personal, social and professional life.

Keywords: specific phobia; case study; trauma; anxiety; eye movement

 

1 Universidade do Porto, Porto – Portugal. Departamento de Psicologia Clínica, Clínica White, Rua Dr. António Loureiro Borges, Edificio 5, 1º andar, Arquipark, Miraflores, Algés – Portugal. CEP: 1495-131. E-mail: catarinacastrolopes@white.pt

 

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