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Negociando Gênero na Conferência de Roma: O Papel da Sociedade Civil

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15600/2238-1228/cd.v13n25p67-82

https://www.metodista.br/revistas/revistas-unimep/index.php/direito/index 

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Camila S. Lippi1

 

Resumo: Em 1998, a Conferência Diplomática de Plenipotenciários de Roma aprovou o Estatuto de Roma, tratado que cria o Tribunal Penal Internacional para atribuir responsabilidade penal individual aos perpetradores de algumas das maiores violações de direitos humanos. Em seu artigo 7º, parágrafo 3º, esse tratado adota uma definição de gênero. Este trabalho tem como objetivo verificar de que forma a sociedade civil influenciou nessa definição de gênero. Ao identificarmos esses atores, mencionamos, não só as organizações feministas, como também as chamadas organizações não governamentais (ONGs) “pró-família”, que contavam com o apoio da Santa-Sé. Como fontes primárias foram utilizadas as atas da Conferência de Roma, nas quais constam artigos escritos por representantes, tanto de Estados quanto da sociedade civil, que estiveram presentes na Conferência.

Palavras-chave: Tribunal Penal Internacional, sociedade civil, gênero

 

Abstract: In 1998, the Diplomatic Conference of Plenipotentiaries of Rome approved the Rome Statute, a treaty that establishes the International Criminal Court, whose goal is to assign individual criminal responsibility to perpetrators of some of the greatest human rights violations. In its article 7, paragraph 3, this treaty adopts a gender definition. This article aims at verifying how civil society has influenced this gender definition. When mentioning these actors, we refer not only to feminist organizations, but also to the “pro-family” NGOs, which had the support of the Holly See during the Rome Statute negotiations. As primary sources we use the records of the Rome Conference and some writings by representatives both from States and the civil society.

Key words: International Criminal Court, civil society, gender

 

1 Mestre e bacharel em Direito pela UFRJ. Professora auxiliar I com mestrado na Universidade Federal do Amapá. camilalippi@gmail.com

 

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