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Vegetative Propagation of Azadirachta indica A. Juss (Neem) Through Cuttings: A Review

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14583/2318-7670.v02n04a10

http://periodicoscientificos.ufmt.br/ojs/index.php/nativa/index 

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Ashok Gehlot1, Sarita Arya1 & Inder D. Arya1

 

Abstract: Azadirachta indica A. Juss (Neem) is one of the important multipurpose tree species. Today, neem is receiving worldwide recognition for its variety of bioactive principle components. Neem, being an important part of our biological heritage and is also recognised as one of nature’s gift to mankind. This review aims to perform a literature review of the main scientific methods used to obtain clones of Azadirachta indica, such as the processes of vegetative (macro) propagation and present perspectives and future trends for the application of new cloning techniques aiming for large scale for plant production. The literature describes methods (dip treatment), types of plant growth regulator (IBA, NAA & IAA), types of stem cuttings (hard wood, semi hard wood, soft wood, leafy & mini cuttings) and planted in rooting media (sand, soil, vermiculite & sand+soil+FYM) during different season (monsoon, winter & summer). The improvement aiming the disseminating such techniques can minimize costs, shorten production stages and consequently, reduce the cultivation time in the laboratory.

Key wordsAzadirachta indica, vegetative propagation, cuttings, auxin

 

ResumoAzadirachta indica A. Juss (nim indiano) é uma importante espécie florestal que apresenta múltiplos usos. Hoje, o nim está recebendo o reconhecimento mundial por sua grande variedade de compostos bioativos. Considera uma herança biológica significativa, também é reconhecida como um dos presentes da natureza para a humanidade. Este trabalho tem como objetivo realizar uma revisão da literatura sobre os principais métodos científicos utilizados para se obter clones de Azadirachta indica por meio de propagação vegetativa, avaliado perspectivas atuais e as tendências futuras para a aplicação de novas técnicas de clonagem para a produção em grande escala. A literatura descreve métodos de tratamento (mergulhia), tipos de regulador de crescimento (IBA, NAA e IAA), tipos de estacas (madeira dura, madeira semiduro, madeira macia, folhas e mini estacas) e enraizamento (areia, solo, vermiculita e areia + solo + FYM) durante diferentes épocas (estação chuvosa, inverno e verão). A divulgação de tais técnicas podem minimizar os custos, encurtar as etapas de produção e, consequentemente, reduzir o tempo de cultivo em laboratório.

Palavras-chaveAzadirachta indica, propagação vegetativa, estacas, auxina

 

1 Forest Genetics and Tree Breeding Division, Arid Forest Research Institute, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India. E-mail: agbios843@gmail.com

 

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