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Nível de Satisfação e Capacidade Mastigatória em Usuários de Prótese Parcial Removível

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15600/2238-1236/fol.v22n2p27-35

https://www.metodista.br/revistas/revistas-unimep/index.php/FOL/index 

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Gabriela S. Moreira1, Daniela M. Botega2, Cristiane M. Mengatto2 & Juliana B. Hilgert3

 

Resumo: Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o nível de satisfação e a capacidade mastigatória em pacientes usuários de Próteses Parciais Removíveis antigas comparando com novas próteses, associando aos fatores determinantes para a substituição das mesmas. Métodos: Foram selecionados 22 pacientes que procuraram atendimento na disciplina de Prótese Dental da Faculdade de Odontologia da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, para substituição de suas próteses. Os pacientes responderam a questionários sobre nível de satisfação e capacidade mastigatória antes e após a instalação das novas próteses, além de especificarem o que os motivou a procurar atendimento. Resultados: Os fatores determinantes citados para a substituição das próteses foram: dificuldade nafonética (2%), desgaste oclusal (3%), dificuldade na mastigação (8%), falta de conforto (10%), perda de dentes pilares (11%), fratura da prótese (16%), falta de estética (21%), falta de retenção (24%). A média de satisfação e de capacidade mastigatória com a prótese antiga foi de 54% e 61% respectivamente, passando para 82% e 85% após a substituição das mesmas. Conclusão: Com base nos dados obtidos, é possível concluir que os pacientes, em geral, tendem a perceber o benefício gerado pela substituição das próteses, o que implica em impacto na qualidade de vida dos indivíduos, apresentando melhora tanto em seu nível de satisfação quanto em sua capacidade mastigatória.

Palavras-chave: satisfação do paciente; reabilitação bucal; mastigação; qualidade de vida; prótese parcial removível

 

Abstract: Objective: This study evaluated satisfaction leveland masticatory capacity of old Removable Partial Dentures comparing with the new ones, associating with determinant factors for replacement. Methods: Twenty two adults that looked for treatment in the School of  Dentistry were selected. They answered questionnaires about their satisfaction level and masticatory capacity before and after receiving the new prosthesis. Besides  that, they specified the reasons for searching the treatment. Results: The determinant factors cited for replacement the RPDs were: phonetic difficulty (2%), oclusal wear (3%), masticatory difficulty (8%), comfort lack (10%), support teeth loss (11%), prosthesis fracture (16%), lack of esthetics (21%), lack of retention (24%). The satisfaction level and masticatory capacity mean associated with the old and the new RPD was 54% and 61% respectively, increasing to 82% and 85% after replacement. Conclusion: In general, patients tend to realize the benefit of new prosthesis, which implies in quality of life, showing higher values of satisfaction level and masticatory capacity.

Key words: patient satisfaction; mouth rehabilitation; mastication; quality of life; denture, partial, removable

 

1 Aluna de graduação, Faculdade de Odontologia, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brasil.
2 Professora adjunta, Faculdade de Odontologia, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Departamento de Odontologia Conservadora, Porto Alegre, Brasil.
3 Professora adjunta, Faculdade de Odontologia, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Departamento de Odontologia Preventiva e Social, Porto Alegre, Brasil.

 

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