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Etiologia e Tratamento das Doenças Periimplantares

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15603/2176-1000/odonto.v18n36p59-66



Rogério de L. Romeiro1, Rosilene F. da Rocha2 & Antonio O. C. Jorge3


Resumo: Introdução: a periimplantite é uma doença infecciosa semelhante à periodontite crônica que afeta os tecidos periimplantares. Objetivo: realizar uma revisão de literatura sobre periimplantite, abordando os tipos, as causas, diagnóstico e tratamento. Conclusão: as doenças periimplantares são possíveis complicações do tratamento com implantes. Vários protocolos de tratamento já foram sugeridos e estudados por diversos autores, porém, ainda se sabe muito pouco se essas terapias são capazes de devolver a osseointegração dos implantes. O tratamento das doenças periimplantares é ainda baseado em considerações empíricas, muitas vezes derivadas da pesquisa periodontal e de dados extrapolados de achados in vitro.

Palavras-chave: Periimplantite; Implantes Dentários; Osseointegração.


Abstract: Introduction: the periimplantitis is an infectious similar disease to the chronic periodontitis that affects the periimplant tissue. Aim: carry out a revision of literature on periimplantitis, boarding the types, the causes, diagnosis and treatment. Conclusion: the periimplant diseases are possible complications of the treatment with dental implants. Several protocols of treatment were already suggested and studied by several authors, however, somewhat is still known very much if these therapies are able to return the osseointegration of the implants. The treatment is still well-founded in empirical considerations very often been derived from the inquiry periodontal and of overstepped data of finds in vitro.

Key words: Periimplantitis; Dental Implants; Osseointegration.


1 Professor Responsável pela disciplina de Implantodontia da Faculdade de Pindamonhangaba/FAPI.
2 Profa. Adjunta da Disciplina da Farmacologia da Faculdade de Odontologia de São José do Campos/UNESP
3 Prof. Titular da Disciplina de Microbiologia e Imunologia da Faculdade de Odontologia de São José do Campos/UNESP


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