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A Deliberação nos Media: Apontamentos Conceituais

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15603/2175-7755/cs.v30n50p81-101

https://www.metodista.br/revistas/revistas-ims/index.php/CSO 

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Rousiley C. M. Maia1

 

Resumo: Este artigo tem por objetivo conceituar a deliberação no próprio ambiente da comunicação de massa. Assumo como premissa que o “intercâmbio de razões em público”, através de uma rede de opiniões publicadas, constitui um fenômeno com características próprias, que merece ser investigado independentemente dos “efeitos” que as mensagens possam causar na audiência. Partindo do quadro teórico deliberacionista e dos estudos de mídia, busco explorar as características essenciais da chamada “deliberação mediada”, a partir dos seguintes indicadores: (a) acessibilidade e caracterização dos participantes; (b) uso de argumentos; (c) reciprocidade e responsividade; (d) reflexividade e reversibilidade de opiniões.

Palavras-chave: Media – Democracia deliberativa – Jornalismo

 

Abstract: The aim of this paper is to conceptualize deliberation within the mass media ambient. I assume as premise that the “public interchange of reasons”, through a net of published opinions, constitutes a phenomenon with characteristics of its own that deserves to be explored, regardless of the effects the messages may provoke in the audience. Taking into consideration the deliberative framework and media studies, I explore the main characteristics of the so-called “mediated deliberation”, according to the following indicators: (a) accessibility and characterization of participants; (b) use of arguments; (c) reciprocity and responsiveness; (d) reflexivity and reversibility of opinions.

Key words: Media – Deliberative democracy – Journalism

 

1 Doutora em Ciência Política pela Universidade de Nottingham (Inglaterra). É professora-associada e pesquisadora do Programa de Pós-Graduação em Comunicação da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG). Coordena o Grupo de Pesquisa em Mídia e Esfera Pública dessa instituição. E-mail:rousiley@fafich.ufmg.br

 

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