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Libertando o Discurso Sobre Deus: Pós-Colonialismo e o Desafios Margens

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15603/2176-1078/er.v22n34p84-104

https://www.metodista.br/revistas/revistas-ims/index.php/ER/index 

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Joerg Rieger1

 

Resumo: No contexto de estudos pós-coloniais e estudos subalternos, múltiplos aspectos de pressão e repressão devem ser considerados. Pessoas do Primeiro Mundo devem atender às margens e participar destes estudos, especialmente na academia. Entre os aspectos de pressão e repressão, a religião precisa ser estudada, pois servia como instrumento de dominação colonial; por isso as Ciências da Religião se fazem necessárias. Mas existe ainda mais: a própria Verdade, não a verdade abstrata ou universal, mas a verdade de pessoas reprimidas e corpos premidos. Aquela verdade liberta. A opção preferencial de Deus pelos pobres está presente nos estudos pós-coloniais e precisa ser refletida teologicamente: não é uma simples inversão do “Deus-do-lado-dos-colonizadores” para o “Deus-do-lado-dos-colonizados”, mas algo muito mais profundo. Quando o discurso sobre Deus é devidamente usado, ele protege acadêmicos e militantes de cometer alguns erros bem conhecidos.

Palavras-chave: Pós-colonialismo. Estudos de subalternos. Verdade. Teologia da libertação; Ciências da Religião; Discurso de Deus.

 

Abstract: In the context of post-colonial studies and subaltern studies, multiple aspects of pressure and repression must be considered. First-world persons should take a cue from the margins and participate in these studies, especially in the academy. Among the aspects of pressure and repression, religion must be studied, as it has been an instrument of colonial domination; this calls for Religious Studies. But there is more: the truth itself, not the abstract or universal truth but the truth of repressed persons and pressed bodies; that truth is liberating. God’s preferential option for the poor is present in post-colonial studies, and must be reflected on theologically: it is not a flip-flop from God on the colonists’ side to God on the side of the colonized but something more profound. As God-talk is properly used, it protects scholars and activists from committing some familiar errors.

Keywords: Postcolonialism; Subaltern Studies; Truth; Liberation Theology; Religious Studies; God-talk.

 

1 Professor de Teologia Sistemática na Methodist University (Dallas/Texas, EUA). Endereço eletrônico: jrieger@mail.smu.edu.

 

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