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Retroviroses em Felinos Domésticos: Um Problema de Saúde Pública

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15601/2238-1945/pcnb.v1n2p1-16

http://www3.izabelahendrix.edu.br/ojs/index.php/bio/index 

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Fabiana Alves1, Jenner K. P. Reis2, Francisco O. Vieira1, Helen L. D. Puerto1, Gissandra F. Braz2, Daniela S. Rajão2, Almir S. Martins1, Carlos Mazur2 & Rômulo C. Leite2

 

Resumo: O desenvolvimento e a manutenção de colônias de gatos errantes tem propiciado o aumento e a persistência das infecções virais entre os felinos domésticos, sendo um risco em potencial para a disseminação de doenças para outras espécies de animais.O vírus da imunodeficiência felina (FIV) e o vírus da leucemia felina (FeLV) são agentes imunossupressores que podem tornar os felinos acometidos mais susceptíveis a outras infecções como a micoplasmose e a toxoplasmose. O espuma vírus felino (FeFV) possui alta prevalência tanto em gatos aparentemente saudáveis quanto em animais doentes, além de também infectar outros mamíferos. O controle dessas doenças requer o correto diagnóstico, bem como a utilização de terapia adequada.

Palavras-chave: Vírus da leucemia felina, vírus da imunodeficiência felina e espuma vírus felino, saúde pública

 

Abstract: The recent development and maintenance of street cats’ colonies has increased the number of viral infections between domestic felines. This scenario has also increased the risk of disease spreading to other species. Feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) and Feline leukaemia virus (FeLV) are immunosuppression agents that make felines more susceptible to other infections, such as mycoplasmosis and toxoplasmosis. Feline foamy virus (FeFV) has a high prevalence in asymptomatic and symptomatic cats, and also infects other mammalians. The control of these diseases requires a correct diagnosis, as well as the use of the proper therapy.

Key words: Feline leukaemia virus, feline immunodeficiency virus, feline foamy virus and public healt

 

1 Departamento de Fisiologia e Biofísica, ICB, UFMG, Antônio Carlos, 6627, Campus Pampulha, Belo Horizonte, MG, 31270-901, Brasil. E-mail:alves.bio@gmail.com
2 Departamento de Medicina Veterinária Preventiva da Escola de Veterinária, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG).

 

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