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Compras Públicas Sustentáveis: Um Estudo nas Universidades Federais Brasileiras

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17800/2238-8893/aos.v3n1p27-44

http://www.unama.br/seer/index.php/aos/index 

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Rosemar J. Hall1, Geovanne D. Moura2, Francisca F. R. R. Macêdo3 & Paulo R. Cunha4

   

Resumo: O objetivo do estudo é verificar quais aspectos de sustentabilidade são observados durante o processo de compras públicas pelas universidades federais brasileiras. Para tal, realizou-se pesquisa descritiva, com abordagem quantitativa e análise documental dos dados obtidos no relatório de gestão de 2011 das universidades. A análise dos dados foi realizada com a utilização da estatística descritiva, da entropia informacional e por meio da correlação de Kendall. Os resultados revelaram que as universidades estudadas apresentam uma heterogeneidade nas informações relativas às compras sustentáveis e que muitas apresentaram a informação de que não estão aplicando de forma total ou parcial os aspectos sobre as questões ambientais e sustentáveis. Quanto aos produtos, a maioria das universidades busca adquirir produtos de qualidade e com uma durabilidade maior, além de procurar adquirir produtos com menor consumo de água e energia. Porém, no que concerne à compra de produtos mais específicos, como carros menos poluentes e materiais reciclados, as informações encontradas foram de que há pouca aplicabilidade desses procedimentos. O estudo demonstrou que é necessária a ampliação, pelas universidades estudadas, das práticas de gestão ambiental em seus processos de compras públicas de forma mais sustentável.

Palavras-chave: Teoria da legitimidade. Compras públicas sustentáveis. Universidades federais brasileiras.

 

Abstract: The objective of the study is to determine which aspects of sustainability are observed during the process of procurement by the Brazilian federal universities. To this end, we carried out descriptive research with quantitative approach and documentary analysis of the data obtained in the 2011 management report of the universities. Data analysis was performed using descriptive statistics, the informational entropy and by correlation of Kendall. The results revealed that the universities studied showed a heterogeneity of information on sustainable procurement and that many had information that are not applying it total or partial aspects of environmental issues and sustainable. As for products, most universities seek to acquire quality products and a higher durability, and seek to acquire products with lower consumption of water and energy, however, the purchase of more specific products, such as cars cleaner and recycled materials, to information found that there was little applicability of these procedures. The study demonstrated that it is necessary to expand the universities studied the environmental management practices in their procurement processes more sustainable.

Key words: Theory of legitimacy. Sustainable public procurement. Brazilian federal universities.

 

1 Doutorando em Ciências Contábeis e Administração pelo PPGCC/FURB. Professor da Universidade Federal da Grande Dourados. Rua Antônio da Veiga, 140 – Sala D 202 – Bairro Victor Konder. CEP 89.012-900 – Blumenau/SC – Brasil. E-mail: rosemarhall@ufgd.edu.br. Fone: (47) 3321-0565.
2 Doutorando em Ciências Contábeis e Administração pelo PPGCC/FURB. Rua Antônio da Veiga, 140 – Sala D 202 – Bairro Victor Konder. CEP 89.012- 900 – Blumenau/SC – Brasil. E-mail: geomoura@terra.com.br. Fone: (47) 3321-0565
3 Doutoranda em Ciências Contábeis e Administração pelo PPGCC/FURB. Professora do Curso de Ciências Contábeis da Universidade Estadual Vale do Acaraú - UVA. Av. da Universidade 850, Campus Betânia, Sobral/CE. E-mail: francymacedo2011@gmail.com. Fone: (88) 3677-4271
4 Doutor em Ciências Contábeis e Administração pelo PPGCC/FURB. Professor do PPGCC da FURB - Universidade Regional de Blumenau. Professor da Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina - UDESC. Rua Antônio da Veiga, 140 – Sala D 202 – Bairro Victor Konder. CEP 89.012-900 – Blumenau/ SC – Brasil. E-mail: pauloccsa@furb.br. Fone: (47) 3321-0565

 

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