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Experiência Internacional Auto Iniciada: Executivos Franceses no Brasil


http://www.revistas.uneb.br/index.php/financ/index 

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Gilberto Sarfati1 & Marília M. Ferlim2

 

Resumo: Tradicionalmente, a experiência de trabalho internacional é decorrente da expatriação pela empresa. Entretanto, muitos executivos buscam empregos em outros países por iniciativa própria: trata-se da Experiência Internacional Auto Iniciada (EIA). Este artigo explora as motivações dos franceses que buscam a EIA no Brasil. A metodologia utilizada foi qualitativa, por meio de entrevistas semiestruturadas até a saturação, o que resultou em sete entrevistas com franceses em EIA no Brasil. Os resultados obtidos permitiram agrupar os EIAs entrevistados nas categorias de motivação apontadas na literatura. Foi possível entender a influência da família nas decisões, a relevância da proximidade cultural e a atratividade da economia brasileira. O grupo estudado foi atraído ao Brasil essencialmente em função de oportunidades econômicas e pela simpatia pela cultura brasileira. O artigo contribui com a literatura e a prática de gestão de pessoas em ambientes multiculturais ao identificar fatores de atração de executivos qualificados para o mercado de trabalho brasileiro e ao abordar um tema pouco explorado na literatura nacional.

Palavras-chave: Experiência Internacional Auto Iniciada, Características e Motivações, Mercado de Trabalho

 

Abstract: Traditionally, international work experience was a result of expatriation by the company. However, many executives are looking for jobs outside their countries, selfmotivated. In this scenario, there are individuals with self-initiated foreign work experience (SFE), which are the object of the present study. This article sought to explore why French executives are seeking SFEs at Brazil. This article explores a qualitative methodology through semi-structured interviews until saturation was reached, with 7 interviews with Frenchs in SFE in Brazil.  Results allowed to cluster the EIAs interviewed in the motivations` categories in the literature. It was also possible to understand the influence of family in decision-making, the relevance of cultural proximity and the attractiveness of the Brazilian economy. Interviewed were attracted to Brazil mainly due to economic opportunities and sympathy towards Brazilian Culture. This paper contributes to the literature and practice of managing people in multicultural environments by identifying factors that attract qualified executives for the Brazilian labor market and by studying a subject almost not explored in national literature.

Key words: Self-initiated foreign work experience. Characteristics and Motivation, Labor Market.

 

1 Pós-Doutor pela Fundação Getúlio Vargas (FGV) Doutor em Ciência Política (USP) Professor da Fundação Getúlio Vargas (FGV) Endereço: Rua Itapeva, 474 – 11º andar 01.313-902 São Paulo/SP, Brasil Email: gilberto.sarfati@fgv.br
2 Graduada pela Fundação Getulio Vargas (FGV) Endereço: Rua Itapeva, 474 – 11º andar 01.313-902 São Paulo/SP, Brasil Email: marilia.ferlim@gmail.com

 

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