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A Globalização do Budismo

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15603/2176-1078/er.v28n2p59-73

https://www.metodista.br/revistas/revistas-ims/index.php/ER/index 

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Cristina Rocha1

 

Resumo: Neste artigo argumento que a globalização do budismo é parte de um fenômeno muito maior da globalização da cultura. Enquanto até o século XVIII havia uma globalização “fina”, na qual o budismo era disseminado somente na Ásia, hoje temos uma globalização “densa”, em que a Ásia não é o único centro do qual partem os fluxos globais de budismo. Nesta época de “budismo global”, os fluxos disseminam-se pelo mundo como um rizoma, várias tradições coexistem no mesmo local e os centros de diversas tradições podem estar localizados fora da Ásia (e influenciar o budismo na própria Ásia). Aqui demonstro como a globalização do budismo tem gerado processos de hibridismo e de resistência e ocorre através das cinco dimensões da economia cultural global identificadas por Appadurai (pessoas, mídia, tecnologia, mercadorias e ideias).

Palavras-chave: budismo, globalização, hibridismo, economia cultural.

 

Abstract: In this article, I argue that the globalization of Buddhism is part of a much larger phenomenon of the globalization of culture. While until the 18th century there was a ‘thin’ globalization in which Buddhism was disseminated only in Asia, today we have a ‘dense’ globalization, in which Asia is not the only center from which the global flows of Buddhism depart. In this age of “global Buddhism”, the flows spread through the world like a rhizome, various traditions coexist in the same place, and the centers of various traditions can be located outside of Asia (and influence Buddhism in Asia itself). Here I show how the globalization of Buddhism has generated processes of hybridism and resistance and occurs through the five dimensions of global cultural economy identified by Appadurai (people, media, technology, goods, and ideas).

Key words: Buddhism, globalization, hybridism, cultural economy

 

1 Fez seu bacharelado em Ciências Sociais na USP e doutorado pela Universidade de Western Sydney (UWS), Austrália. Atualmente é Future Fellow do Australian Research Council no Centro de Pesquisas da Religião e Sociedade da UWS. É editora do Journal of Global Buddhism e da coleção Religion in the Americas, da editora Brill. Para mais informações: <http://www.uws.edu.au/religion_and_society/people/researchers/dr_cristina_rocha> E-mail: c.rocha@uws.edu.edu 

 

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